Reverse Osmosis Unit SW for Sea Water Desalination


Umkehrosmoseanlage zur Meerwasserentsalzung mit Dosierstationen und Chlordioxidanlage (Änderungen vorbehalten)

Content:


Field of Application
Scope of Delivery
Post-Treatment with chlorine-dioxide-methode
Technical Data


Field of Application:
In water-poor countries reverse osmosis technology is an effective method to de-mineralize sea waters and high brackish waters. With less than 4 kW per cubic meter pure water this method is substantially more effective than e.g. the evaporation technology. The AquaCare plants produce fully-automatically WHO water quality and safe lost of running costs. The membranes are protected by the most effective pre-filtration: ultra filtration in combination with chlorine dioxide. So water quality and quantity will be guaranteed for a long time. AquaCare works only with well-kown high quality manufacturers like Grunfos, Danfoss and Eri. The customer gest a complete plant with professional Quality made in Germany.

Scope of Delivery of the SWPX units:

The modular constructed system with SW-PXM master module and the extension modules SW-PXE realizes at any time a flexible planning. Stages of development can be realized fast and without changing the existing plant. The stand-still time is very low. The PXM master module is equipped with a touch screen, that shows clearly all relevant parameters. All programs for operation and maintaining can be started with a view touches. All data are shown in two languages (e.g. English and Arabic) and are signed with color: red for failures, blue during normal operation, gray at standby. Optionally you can control the PLC with remote control over cell phone net or internet connection from any place of the earth. If additional extension modules (SW-PXE) are attached, these can be controlled over the master module. In addition, the extension modules can produce water by itself even if the master module should be out of operation. The redundant PXM-PXE system always realizes a basic supply. The PXM-PXE system of AquaCare is ideal for varying water needs, too. 

The space-saving arrangement of the components makes possible to build-in a plant with 480 t/d in a 20'-Container (option). With larger units the dosing tanks must be specially accommodated. The container building method permits mobile operation. Metering units for antiscalant and acid are integrated in each module. Only with a good pretreatment and a perfect mixing by means of static mixer  a long membrane life can be carried out. Failures with the dosing are recognized of the PLC and the plant is shut down, in order to avoid damage to the membranes. 

The pre filtration, which protects pumps and membranes against damages, is carried out with the best available technology: micro-filtration (units starting with 240 t/d). This continuously driven technique cleans the water 100times better than conventional sand filters and filter cartridges. Particles will not damage the high precision pumps. A periodical disinfection is made to ensure the maximum water flow. 

The plant is installed on a profile frame. The high pressure pipes are manufactured with duplex steel (1.4462), the low-pressure pipes are made with PVC. AquaCare use piston pumps with very low vibrations. This is realized with a high number of pistons (max. 9 pieces) that drop pulsations under 1,5%. Operating pressures up to 80 bar are possible. In order to suppress the damaging effects of the so-called water hammer, the main pumps are equipped with frequency controls, which makes a gentle starting and stopping possible, too. In addition the operating pressure (depending on temperature, salinity and age of the membranes) is controlled by the frequency of the pump, too. 

This saves energy and during the start the connected generator will not be overloaded. The high operating pressure realizes even at high salinities of e.g. 45,000 ppm TDS very good rejections and a smaller number of membranes. Especially if you must change the membranes a low number of them lowers the running costs. These advantages must be bought however with a increased current consumption. Therefore the most effective energy recovery technology is build-in. The direct exchange of the brine against fresh sea water is accomplished with an effectiveness by approx. 94%, which reduces cost of electricity extremely. The exchange module works nearly maintenance-free and consists of plastic and ceramic. 

AquaCare uses for seawater desalination TFC membranes with very high rejection (min. 99.6% under standard conditions) in order to produce best water quality during a long period. The membranes are mounted in high pressure housings (83 bar/1200 psi) made of fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP). The side ports of the housings permits a simple change of the membranes. Regularly during operation or after stopping the system or after some failures all sea water wetted parts are flushed with disinfecting pure water (permeate). During operation the clean in place (CIP) system collects water in an extra tank (larger plant takes the water from the main tank). After stopping operation an auxiliary pump put disinfecting water through the system. This procedure prevents organic fouling processes at the membranes and reduces corrosion. 

Chlorine dioxide is added to the water, so that the plant can be switched off even for longer times. The pure water tank can be likewise used for a chemical cleaning of the membranes. An program leads the user step for step by this procedure. The heart of the system strikes by means of a PLC (Siemens) and controls all relevant parameters. All functions are realizes with a touch screen. So failures with switches or control lamps will not occur. All data are displayed with colour and are stored for quality assurance. Optionally SW-PXM and SW-PXE modules can be maintained and controlled via cell phone or internet connection. Additional components (water tank, well pumps, water distributing pumps) may be integrated.

Post Treatment with Chlorine-Dioxide-Method

In warm countries hygienic perfect water is very important. A sea water desalination plant produced germ-free water, but however in warm areas it will be contaminated very quickly with bacteria, viruses, algae or even dangerous single-celled organisms.

The chlorine dioxide method hat following advantages:

  • bactericidal, toxic against algae, spores, viruses and protozoa
  • 2.5 times more oxidation power than others like chorine, hydrogen peroxide
  • stronger and faster germinating than chlorine
  • constant disinfection at pH 6.5 to 9.5
  • long affecting
  • lower costs than chlorine method
  • eliminates existing bio films
  • eliminates odors (phenol, smelling products of algae and bacteria)
  • does not form halogenated matters (trihalomethane = THM, chlorine phenol, AOX, chlorine amine
  • does not form chlorine and does not irritate mucous membranes
  • does not form explosive atmosphere, because the concentrate does not exceed 3 g/l
  • starting compounds are durable, solution ready for use is best before 4 weeks (at 20°C) or 2 weeks (at 30°C)
Technical Data

Type SW8 SW16 SW36 SW72 SW-PX240 SW-PX480 SW-PX960
no yes
0.33 m3/h
8 m3/d
0.67 m3/h
16 m3/d
1.5 m3/h
36 m3/d
3 m3/h
72 m3/d
10 m3/h
240 m3/d
20 m3/h
480 m3/d
40 m3/h
960 m3/d
52...73 54...77 48...72 54...78 65...75
755...1060 785...1120 700...1050 785...1100 945...1090

247 ppm
218 ppm
191 ppm
164 ppm

257 ppm
230 ppm
201 ppm
172 ppm

343 ppm
303 ppm
264 ppm
226 ppm

263 ppm
233 ppm
204 ppm
174 ppm

282 ppm
202 ppm
177 ppm
137 ppm
1,5 bar / 22 psi
20% 30%
4.3 kW 5.5 kW 13.3 kW 26.7 kW 31.7 kW 64.4 kW 127 kW
< 12,7 < 8,2 < 8,9 <8,9 < 3,2
3.2 x 0.9 x 1.7 m 5.8 x 1.1 x 2.2 m 5.8 x 1.1 x 2.2 m 5.5 x 1.5 x 2.2 m
0.2 t 0.3 t 0.4 t 0.5 t 1.5 t 2.5 t 3.2 t

DN25
DN15

DN25
DN15

DN32
DN20

DN40
DN25

DN65
DN50

DN100
DN80

DN150
DN100
nein ja
1 x 20" 2 x 20" 4 x 20" 5 x 20" 7 x 40" 15 x 40" 30 x 40"

* data at 25°C, 1.5 bar feed pressure
** at 45.000 ppm TDS; at lower salinities the values will be clearly lower